Social Security Tribunal of Canada

Canada Pension Plan disability Appeal Division: How to appeal

Asking for permission to appeal

The form asks you to explain why you think the General Division made a mistake or if you have new evidence that you didn’t present to the General Division. At this stage, you need to convince the Appeal Division to allow your appeal to go ahead. This is called getting “leave to appeal.” The Appeal Division can only consider specific criteria. You have to show the Appeal Division that you have a reasonable argument or that you have new evidence.

Sending supporting documents

We encourage you to send us documents you think will support your appeal, if you have any.

You don’t need to send documents that were given to the General Division. The Appeal Division already has those documents.

The Social Security Tribunal (SST) doesn’t investigate or seek out supporting documents (evidence). We don’t contact people to get more information on your behalf. It’s up to you to send us your supporting documents.

Supporting documents could include:

  • medical reports
  • specialist’s reports
  • evaluations (for example, functional capacity assessments) 
  • provincial workers’ compensation board or workers’ safety and insurance board files
  • proof of attempts to work or attempts to find work

Send us your documents by email, mail or fax. If you send them by email, make sure they’re in a format we can open.

We share the documents we receive with all the parties involved in your appeal.

Keep your originals. Send us copies.

Costs

There’s no fee to appeal to the Social Security Tribunal (SST).

But you may have to pay costs related to your appeal if you:

  • make photocopies of documents you want to send to us 
  • send documents to us by Canada Post or a courier service
  • hire a representative
  • translate documents into either English or French
  • travel to an in-person hearing

In very rare cases, if you must attend a hearing, you may be able to get reimbursed for travel expenses, living expenses or lost income. The SST chairperson decides if there are special reasons that justify a reimbursement under section 63 of the Department of Employment and Social Development Act. Learn about these special situations in our policy on reimbursement of expenses and payment of allowances.

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